In 2020 the World Museum Vienna presents an exhibition on the legendary art and culture of the Aztecs (ca. 1430 - 1521 AD). The focus of this highlight exhibition is on tributes and sacrifices, which played an important role in the economic and religious life of the Aztecs. Special attention is given to the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, which was the religious and cultural centre of the empire.
The special exhibition "Aztecs" was designed by the Linden-Museum Stuttgart in cooperation with the Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen in the Netherlands. It took place in Stuttgart in 2019 on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the landing of the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés on the coast of Mexico and is now coming to Vienna.
The Aztecs ruled a large part of Mesoamerica at the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. As a nomadic people, the Aztecs finally settled on several small islands in Lake Texcoco, where they founded the city of Tenochtitlán, today's Mexico City, in 1325.
In the 15th century, they created an empire that was surpassed within the American continent only by the Incas in Peru. The Aztecs were among the most extensively documented of all Indian civilizations in the 16th century. Visitors follow in the footsteps of Cortés: starting with the periphery of the Aztec empire and the cultural diversity of Mexico, the exhibition leads to the sacred district of the capital Tenochtitlán.
The exhibition shows more than 200 objects and loans from Mexican and European museums, including the Museo del Templo Mayor and the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City.
15 October 2020 to 13 April 2021